22.9 C
Vienna
Saturday, July 20, 2024

Kremlin’s new ideology architect — Aleksandr Kharichev

Aleksandr Dmitrievich Kharichev was born on February 8, 1966, in Kostroma in the family of a hereditary military man. His father, Dmitry Aleksandrovich Kharichev, served in the 10th Guards Missile Division and rose to the rank of colonel. Grandfather, Aleksandr Nikanorovich Kharichev, a military commander, and order bearer, after WWII, led a regiment in the Baltic Military District, and later taught at the first Leningrad school named after K.E. Voroshilov. Grandfather’s cousin – Ivan Evstigneevich Kharichev, lieutenant general, in the 70-80s headed the Space Intelligence Center of the Main Intelligence Directorate of the USSR Armed Forces.

Aleksandr Kharichev’s uncle, Igor Aleksandrovich Kharichev, is a well-known writer and publicist. During the cadency of Boris Yeltsin as a president, he worked in the Presidential Administration as an assistant to the head of the Administration, Sergei Filatov. Since 1996 serves as a Director of the Center for Applied Electoral Technologies.

After leaving school, Aleksandr Kharichev entered the Kostroma Higher Military Command School of Chemical Protection (now an integral part of the Military Academy of Radiation, Chemical and Biological Protection named after Marshal of the Soviet Union S.K. Timoshenko) and was going to continue the family tradition of becoming an officer. Upon graduation, he was offered to stay on as a teacher at the school.

During 1987–1994 Aleksandr served in the Kostroma Higher Military Command School of Chemical Defense. Later, during 1987-1989 he was a platoon commander, and in 1989-1992 served as the secretary of the committee of the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League (Komsomol) of the battalion, and chairman of the Council of Komsomol schools organisations. During 1992-1994 he was a senior assistant to the head of the school for public relations. In 1995 Aleksandr graduated from the Faculty of Psychology of St. Petersburg State University. During 1994-1996 he worked as a psychologist at the Kostroma Higher Military Command School of Chemical Defense.

In 1996, 30-year-old Aleksandr Kharichev married 22-year-old Elena Yuryevna Klimentyeva. Elena’s father is Colonel, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor Yuri Aleksandrovich Klimentyev, author of more than 300 scientific papers and 20 copyright certificates and patents for inventions in the field of toxic substances and their effects on living organisms. By that time, he headed one of the military research centres of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation in Moscow (military unit 64518 at Moscow, 2nd Baumanskaya street, building 1-v, Lefortovo district). This centre closely cooperated with the State Research Institute of Organic Chemistry and Technology (PO Box No. 74), which develops chemically active substances. It was these institutions, located nearby, that produced the well-known nerve agent Novichok. After the wedding, in 1996, Major Kharichev was moved to military unit 64518 and, thanks to the efforts of his father-in-law, was appointed head of the group of the moral and psychological support department. Interestingly, Kharichev began work in military unit 64518 a year after the leave of the developer of Novichok, Dr Wil Mirzayanov, from Russia.

In 2001, Colonel Klimentyev introduces his son-in-law to the former Prime Minister of the Russian Federation, Sergei Kiriyenko. Kiriyenko was not only the plenipotentiary representative of the President of the Russian Federation in the Volga Federal District, but also headed the state commission for chemical disarmament. Klimentyev recommended Kharichev for the post of secretary of the commission (he himself acted as a consultant to Kiriyenko).

In the same 2001, Kiriyenko takes Kharichev to Nizhniy Novgorod – to the Volga Federal District, which the ex-premier run on behalf of Vladimir Putin. Kharichev headed a number of areas in the apparatus of the authorized representative of the president in the Volga district. So in 2001-2004, Kharichev was an adviser to the administrative department of the office of the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in the Volga Federal District. During 2004-2005 he headed the department for domestic policy in the Office of the Commissioner.

After Kiriyenko left for a new position in November 2005, he decided to maintain partial influence on the federal district, placing his henchmen in important positions, allowing him to control the successor. So, under the new plenipotentiary representative of the President Aleksandr Konovalov, by order of the head of the Presidential Administration Dmitry Medvedev No. 1628 dated December 30, 2005, Kharichev was appointed assistant to the plenipotentiary representative of the President of the Russian Federation in the Volga Federal District.

But soon Kharichev was transferred to Moscow, to Staraya Square. In March 2006, he was appointed Deputy Head of the Office of the President of the Russian Federation for Domestic Policy Oleg Govorun. Kharichev worked in this position until May 2009.

In March 2009 there was a scandal. On March 28, 2009, a citizen of Georgian nationality broke the side glass of a GLK 350 4Matic (license plate U622OA199) and stole a bag and two expensive phones worth $1.5 thousand each in front of Kharichev’s wife Elena. The bag contained important documents relating to the activities of the Presidential Administration. The arriving police recorded the robbery of Elena Yuryevna Kharicheva, born in 1974, designer of Kharicheva PE (she was engaged in the design of elite apartments and mansions). However, the investigation showed that in addition to the specified car, Elena also owned an expensive Porsche. Her husband had a collection of Mercedes cars and an Audi Q7 (license plate C112PO777). It is also interesting that before Kharichev joined the Administration, his wife’s earnings were estimated at 17 thousand rubles a month, but soon her income increased to 12 million a year. An internal investigation into the facts of corruption began, and in May 2009 Kharichev resigned from the Administration.

Also, Kharichev was blamed for faults during the March 1, 2009 elections. The Kommersant newspaper wrote: “He wrote a letter of resignation at the request of the leadership – the head of the internal policy department Oleg Govorun and the first deputy head of the Presidential Administration Vladislav Surkov – on Monday, immediately after calculating the results of the elections in nine regional legislative assemblies and several dozen municipalities. According to sources, the Kremlin was dissatisfied with the results of the elections. Even though Edinaya Rossiya managed to achieve a majority in almost all regional parliaments, the party was unable to attract voters to the polling stations in sufficient numbers, the turnout was lower than predicted, and part of the electorate of the party in power ignored the elections. So, for example, according to internal polls of the party in the Vladimir region, the results were predicted based on a turnout of more than 40%, while in reality, it was just over 30%. In addition, Edinaya Rossiya suffered several setbacks in the municipal elections: the Communists were ahead of them in the elections to the Tver city council, and the parties got an almost equal number of votes in the Bryansk city council. The nominee of Edinaya Rossiya lost the mayor campaign in Smolensk; in Tomsk, Murmansk and Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky they were expecting a tough fight in the second round. Irritation was caused by the fact that internal opinion polls, exit polls and election commissions did not coincide. It was announced that in some regions Edinaya Rossiya had to interrupt exit polls, as they turned out to be excessively inflated compared to sociology.

An important point: Kharichev was also charged with the fact that he did not always observe subordination and communicated with the head of the Administration, Sergei Naryshkin, “over the head” of his immediate leadership – Oleg Govorun and his patron, Vladislav Surkov.

At the request of Sergey Kiriyenko, in May 2009, Kharichev was appointed Executive Director for Strategy and Development of the Russian Communal Systems Company (operates heat, electricity, water supply and sanitation in several regions of the Russian Federation). Part of the Renova group of companies belongs to Viktor Vekselberg. In 2012-2013 Kharichev also served on the boards of directors of the energy companies TRK and IDGC of Siberia.

From November 2013 to January 2017 served as the Head of the Department for Work with the Regions, Advisor to the General Director of the State Atomic Energy Corporation Rosatom. Until October 5, 2016, the state corporation was headed by Sergey Kiriyenko, then Aleksey Likhachev.

In January 2017 Kharichev returned to work in the Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation and took the post of Deputy Head of the Presidential Administration for Domestic Policy Andrei Yarin. According to media reports, Alexander Kharichev oversaw the preparations for the election of the Russian head of state in March 2018.

On June 22, 2018, the head of state Vladimir Putin appointed Aleksandr Kharichev as the head of the Office of the President of the Russian Federation for ensuring the activities of the State Council by his decree.

The establishment of the State Council was one of Vladimir Putin’s first administrative reforms as president of Russia. In March 2000, he was elected head of state, and on May 17 he announced a new procedure for the formation of the Federation Council, the upper house of the Russian parliament. In the 1990s, this body included elected governors and heads of regional legislative assemblies, who quite often blocked the initiatives of the government and the head of state – now they could only send their representatives to Moscow.

The State Council of Russia in a new capacity formed on September 1, 2000, following the Presidential decree. It approved the regulation of the State Council of Russia. Under the regulation, the State Council is an advisory body that promotes the exercise of the powers of the head of state on issues of ensuring the coordinated functioning and interaction of state authorities. In its activities, the State Council is guided by the Constitution, federal constitutional laws, federal laws, decrees and orders of the President.

The first meeting took place on November 22, 2000. Opening the meeting, Putin said that the State Council should become a strategic political body, and this is the significant difference between this structure and other state bodies.

In his Speech to the Federal Assembly on January 15, 2020, Putin proposed, among other amendments, to consolidate the status of the State Council in the Constitution. The constitutional amendments of 2020 included a separate presidential authority to form the State Council of the Russian Federation “in order to ensure the coordinated functioning and interaction of state authorities, determine the main directions of the domestic and foreign policy of the Russian Federation and priority areas for the socio-economic development of the state.”

The opposition periodical Meduza wrote: “We don’t know for sure, but definitely there are reasons to doubt it. Putin often stresses that Russia’s political norms do not differ from other developed countries. In a recent interview given to the Austrian TV channel ORF, he stated again that, while remaining in power for 18 years, he had never violated a letter of law and had not been a president for more than two consecutive terms. On the other hand, Putin has someone to look up to. In the spring of 2018, Chinese President Xi Jinping, for the first time since the days of Mao Zedong, received the right to be re-elected for an unlimited number of terms, that is, to become the life ruler of the country. China is a significant example for the Russian authorities. Constitutional reform has been going on in Kazakhstan for many years, and this is one of the most stable political regimes in the post-Soviet space … Putin can focus on the Chinese and Kazakh experience – and become the head of the Russian State Council for life and the informal head of state.

In connection with the appointment of Kharichev, the opposition Omsk press wrote: “In recent days, many have congratulated Alexander Kharichev on his promotion, and Sergei Kiriyenko on another personnel victory. Although, if you look at it, the resourceful Kiriyenko may soon lose control over the regions, the federal agenda and the Internet thanks to the main one at the moment, the “Sorcerer of All Rus'” Alexander Kharichev, who fools the “master” under the guise of regional sociology. It’s no secret that Kharichev through various funds and organizations ANO EISI, CG “Polylog”, Gazprom, Rosatom, and Rosneft receives huge sums for the acquisition of political scientists, journalists, and experts. These “specialists” are preparing sociology for Kharichev, who, in turn, presents it to the gullible Kiriyenko in a favourable light for himself. People who are far from patriotism and who are not statesmen work for Kharichev. These are people admitted to the holy of holies: the secrets of the Administration of the President of the Russian Federation. They are not employees of the administration, freely moving around the Administration and working in its offices. We can assume that all this leapfrog with “pseudo-leaks” comes exclusively from Kharichev and his “partners”, who set themselves the goal of quarrelling with the respected mastodons Kiriyenko-Volodin-Gromov, and all to remain and strengthen in the AP, taking away key areas activities. Legalized in the AP, accustomed to idly eat up the funds Golushko Elena, Kuznetsov Gleb, Fedulkina Anna. By the way, Kharichev is a great friend of Andrey Golushko, in whose interests Siberia is bending over and preparing a governor’s position in the Omsk region and a business site in Novosibirsk. Golushko’s daughter – Elena is an EISI expert and adviser to Kharichev. 

She works in the Presidential Administration. And like her parents and sister, apparently, she also has a residence permit in France. In fact, our entire national sociology is entrusted to everyone except the state itself. In our opinion, this is why the events in Kemerovo, Omsk, etc. are taking place. In the internal policy directorate, Kharichev is like a bull in a china shop – he is cramped. He has the opportunity to speculate on the name of Sergey Vladilenovych in front of the deputies and Yarin himself. What kind of internal policy will we have if the Count Alessandro di Cagliostro of our days with his “experts” and “specialists” has pivoted Old Square into his business corner for the dull cut of budgetary and non-budgetary funds behind the back of Sergei Vladilenovich, who still trusts him?”

However, some experts believe that this publication was requested by a person close to the old enemy of Kharichev and Kiriyenko – Surkov.

Indeed, Kharichev gathered a number of political technologists and sociologists around him. They began to serve the authorities and the presidential administration actively. This group includes Oleg Matveychev, head of the Petersburg Politics Foundation Mikhail Vinogradov, director general of the Agency for Political and Economic Communications Dmitry Orlov, president of the Minchenko consulting communications holding Yevgeny Minchenko, director general of the Polylog PR agency Oleg Karpilov, political technologists Dmitry Gusev, Grigory Kazankov and Andrei Bogdanov, President of the Russian Association of Political Consultants Alexei Kurtov, Director of the Department for Cooperation with the Regions of Rosatom Andrei Polosin, Head of the Expert Council of the Expert Institute for Social Research Gleb Kuznetsov.

One of the Telegram channels posted: “Many fell into this circle from Rosatom or structures associated with it. In terms of the budget, significant regular resources, including from state corporations, are received by Polylog (Karpilov) and IESI (Kuznetsov), but they act only as managers of the movement of funds, the real owner of the money is Kharichev. 

In 2017, there was even an attempt to create a special fund that would deal with local elections. Kharichev was supposed to supervise this fund.

In 2019, immediately after his appointment, Aleksandr Kharichev gathered political technologists and summed up the results of the 2019 election campaigns (it was at this meeting that the elections to the Moscow City Duma were described as “failed”). Sergey Kiriyenko liked the format of the meeting, and after 2 weeks, Kharichev gathered for a conversation already the heads of the regions (mainly those in charge of the election of vice-governors), in which elections were expected in

. The main directive of the meetings: when defining policy, it is necessary to focus not on lobbyists from the State Duma and Edinaya Rossiya (mainly Vyacheslav Volodin and Andrei Turchak), but on figures agreed with Sergei Kiriyenko’s domestic political bloc.

In 2020 Kharichev was responsible for the awareness-raising campaign about the fight against coronavirus and controlled the mood of citizens related to security measures and the reaction to government actions. “The trend associated with the pandemic: that society has accumulated fatigue from fear, restrictions and the fact that we do not understand what will happen tomorrow. This is one of the main trends of today. We believed that we defeated the pandemic in the spring, and now we don’t believe that it won’t happen in the fall,” Kharichev stated in the summer of 2021.

One of the Telegram channels in September 2020 noted: “Aleksandr Dmitrievich Kharichev always knew how to shift the responsibility for failures and problems to others. And act at the last moment in the role of “saviour”. It seems that the time allotted to him for the realization of this talent was not enough at all.

At the same time, Kharichev is lobbying for appointments – mostly people close to him.

So in November 2020, Kharichev lobbied Vyacheslav Gladkov for the post of acting governor of the Belgorod region. Gladkov is familiar with Kharichev from their joint work at Rosatom. Since 2009, Gladkov headed a closed city Zarechny, one of the main cities where Rosatom has a presence in the Volga region, and in 2013, in the state corporation Kharichev headed the Office for cooperation with regions. Earlier, Kharichev lobbied Gladkov for the post of “vice-governor” of Sevastopol (under Dmitry Ovsyannikov).

It was Kharichev who secured the appointment of Dmitry Trapeznikov, nicknamed “Signor Tomato”, the former head of the self-proclaimed “DPR”, as the acting mayor of Elista (the capital of Kalmykia) as interim mayor. The head of Kalmykia, Batu Khasikov, is a personal friend of Kharichev. One of the sources reported: “Khasikov, when he was engaged in martial arts, had a whole club that was engaged in organising ultimate fighting, and Kharichev’s mother-in-law was the chief accountant in this project.” Kharichev’s wife Elena worked for some time in the Yellow, black and white project, which is headed by Khasikov’s close friend Sangadzhi Tarbaev (former captain of the a comedy show KVN team “RUDN”).

In autumn of 2020, it became known that Kharichev in his post would be one of the four curators of the elections to the State Duma of the Russian Federation scheduled for September 19, 2021. The main technological burden of the elections was supposed to fall on the shoulders of Alexander Kharichev and the head of the Presidential Administration’s department for domestic policy Andrei Yarin. In addition to them, the curatorship of the electoral process was also entrusted to the head of the Department for Public Projects, Novikov, and the head of the Department for the Development of Information and Communication Technologies and Communications Infrastructure, Matveeva. Boris Rapoport, a political strategist close to Kharichev, was appointed first deputy head of the headquarters of the Edinaya Rossiya party (some experts argued that it was the Kharichev-Rapoport tandem that was responsible for compiling the lists of candidates from the “establishment-backed party”).

The media (mainly, again, along the line of Surkov) constantly threw in the information that there was a serious conflict between Kharichev and Yarin. Although most experts refuted this information: both Yarin and Kharichev are “functional people”, whose subjectivity is determined solely by the scope of their competence, and the bonuses that they can receive for good work do not allow their areas of interest to intersect: if Edinaya Rossiya succeed, Yarin dreams of heading the Russian Railways, and Kharichev is dreaming of taking the place of the head of the Office of the Presidential Administration for Domestic Policy. So there is no room for conflict.

Vedomosti wrote about Kharichev as the main ideologist and chief technologist of the 2021 elections. However, this is not quite true. Kharichev was engaged (practically monopoly) in the distribution of political strategists among regional headquarters, but no more. As the curator of the campaign from the Presidential Administration, he was also a member of a kind of “board of directors” of the campaign, which, in addition to him, also included Sergey Kiriyenko, Andrey Turchak, Andrey Yarin, Deputy Head of the Government Staff Alexander Gribov, Acting Deputy Secretary of the General Council Vladimir Vasilyev, Deputy Secretary of the General Council Sergei Perminov, as well as coordinator of the expert council of the party Konstantin Kostin. Another employee of the presidential administration, the assistant of the internal policy department, Alexey Semenov have been also involved as a person responsible for relations with the regions.

In July 2021, Kharichev, through Kommersant, “leaked” information that Edinaya Rossiya agreed to the upcoming elections for 250 mandates (before that, it was about 300). On the other hand, a new faction of 18-19 deputies should appear in the chamber, with which Edinaya Rossiya will establish a coalition on the most important issues (such as the New People party, which they are very actively trying to get into the Duma – despite the party’s lack of real ratings. It is believed that New People is a project of Kharichev, who is trying to prove the need for a liberal project to be present in the Duma – otherwise, Edinaya Rossiya will have to deal with serious pressure from the communists. There is a variety of signals to the establishment-backed party that it’s hard to know who to listen to.

Kharichev continues to be in Kiriyenko’s team and is not seen as an independent figure. Meduza noted: “Andrey Yarin is a million per cent loyal to Kiriyenko, he is a real old-school servant who reports to his boss. If he says to shoot himself, then Yarin will shoot himself. But in the same way, Andrey will be loyal to the new patron. But Kharichev is still closer and more understandable for Kiriyenko.”

Interestingly, synchronously with the statements of Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu about the need to transfer the capital of the Russian Federation to Siberia, Kharichev also made a statement that Novosibirsk could become the capital of Russia shortly – Kharichev said this on July 8, 2021, in Sochi, speaking at the III Forum of young political scientists of Russia “Digoria”.

On January 24, 2022, a strategic session of the Edinaya Rossiya party called “Party 2026” was held. This event was held behind closed doors for journalists, and the main topic of discussion was the results of the parliamentary elections, as well as preparations for the presidential elections in 2024 and the parliamentary campaign in 2026. Sergei Kiriyenko attended the session online, but in his address he expressed several issues. In the opinion of the curator of the Kremlin’s domestic political bloc, they were incomplete despite he described the last elections as successful (Edinaya Rossiya retained a constitutional majority in the State Duma, having 324 out of 450 mandates). One of the main questions concerned the formation of an agitation and mobilization network, which did not show the desired result. According to available information, the leadership of the Edinaya Rossiya party is faced with the task of forming such a network, which would include at least 30 million people. Kiriyenko also focused on the need to develop a presence in social networks and use such tools more actively.

As a result of the closed strategic session, it became clear that despite the many problems faced by the vertical of Sergei Kiriyenko during the elections, he does not plan to make any replacements and leaves the supervision of this direction to Kharichev and Yarin.

After the outbreak of hostilities in the territory of Ukraine and the occupation of part of the territories in the southeastern regions by the Russian occupation forces, the Kremlin started talking about holding referendums on the accession of these territories to Russia. At the same time, they began to discuss the possibility of creating a new federal district within the Russian Federation. At the end of September, such “referendums” were held, and a few days later Putin signed a decree on the entry of the so-called “DNR” and “LNR”, as well as the temporarily occupied Zaporizhzhia and Kherson regions into Russia. Actually, they decided to wait with the new federal district, although sending Dmitry Rogozin, who is considered one of the main contenders for the leadership of such a district, to the Donbas.

Earlier it became known that Sergiy Kiriyenko became the new curator of the occupied territories of Donbas and the South of Ukraine, actually replacing Dmitry Kozak in this post. Together with Kiriyenko, representatives of his team, including Kharichev and Yarin, took up the issue of Ukrainian territories. At what, apparently, it is Kharichev who is trying to take over the main initiative.

Before the liberation of the right-bank part of the Kherson Oblast from the Russian occupation troops, the creation of the federal district was supervised by Boris Rapoport, Deputy Head of the Administration Department for the Affairs of the State Council (headed by Kharivev), who had previously dealt with the Donbas. In 2014 he served as Deputy Head of the Department for Social-economic cooperation with the CIS countries. At that time, the self-proclaimed “DNR” and “LNR” were supervised by Vladislav Surkov (in the position of the presidential aide) from the Kremlin. Together with Surkov, Rapoport worked in the mid-2000s. Then Surkov was the deputy head of the Presidential Administration, and Rapoport was the deputy head of the Kremlin’s regional policy department. Now, the future of the new federal district, apparently, remains up in the air.

At the same time, Sergei Kiriyenko, who has repeatedly visited the occupied regions of Ukraine recently, in the preparation and holding of “referendums” made a clear bet on Oleksandr Kharichev, who achieved the necessary goals and demonstrated a result that satisfied Kiriyenko.

Firstly, Aleksandr Kharichev published a scientific paper “Perception of the basic values, factors and structures of the socio-historical development of Russia (based on research and testing)”.

The abstract of the article indicates that it analyzes the results of a study of the emotional-figurative vision of the fundamental factors and structures that influence the current state of the worldview of Russian society, acting as stabilizing, unifying and motivating social vectors. The results make it possible to increase the effectiveness of the development of national strategies in the field of the formation of a civil society based on a shared understanding of the fundamental constructive values ​​that are most consonant with the personal worldview of a particular citizen.

There is also a prospect of creating a full-fledged integral “national code” formed from intuitive archetypes and images that enhance the traditional strengths of Russian society, which can be described as a hierarchical system of interrelated images and meanings. The study was conducted by the method of group discussions from March 4 to May 20, 2022.

Relying upon the results of the discussions, the researchers formed a five-level “pentabasis”: a person-family-society-state-country. Value dominants were created for each level. For the country it is patriotism, for the state it is “trust in the institutions of power”, for the family it is the people of Russia, for society it is consent, for the individual it is created. “The thesis was voiced that European society is individualistic, and we have the main value: family + family with friends, which leads to the emergence of the thesis “family as a level”. Value dominant: the people of the Russian Federation are a family of families. Stimulating the birth rate and the concept of a “big family,” the article says.

As a result of the discussions, the following concepts were proposed.

Metaphors of the image of the future of Russia. “The state is a novel” (written collectively by citizen writers, and it has alternative endings), “the Russian future is the second part of Dead Souls, burned by Gogol”, and “the state is the Firebird”.

Concepts of the modern state. “Motherland with a laser sword” (a source of pride for the Russian spirit and a guide to the future), “a state of friendly service.”

Messianic concepts of the state of the future. “Russia as a prophet country” (opposes the Grand Inquisitor), “Russia is the world’s guardian, the “guardian of good”.

Idealistic concepts of the state of the future. “Wonderful City” (inclusiveness, coexistence, acceptance of others as equals, “not to be confused with the term “tolerance” in any way”), “The Pie” (harmoniously combines different things).

Mechanistic concepts of the state of the future. “Kaleidoscope” (a multifaceted future), “a medium-sized magnet state” (creates a field for a certain community).

The participants of the study concluded that a person in the “Russia of the Future” is “proud of his country, influential and in demand, financially secure, free within the framework of certain hostel rules.” According to the authors, ideas about self-realization in the Russian Federation are very different from those common in the Western world. “Self-realization or destiny in the Russian case implies that the individual contributes to the development of the country. The stage of capitalization of the destination is optional, ”the authors write.

It is worth noting that, in addition to Kharichev, the co-authors of the article were Andrey Shutov, Dean of the Faculty of Political Science at Moscow State University, Andrey Polosin, Doctor of Political Science, Head of the Department for Cooperation with the Regions at Rosatom, and Ekaterina Sokolova, Deputy Executive Director for Strategy and Forecasting of the Expert Institute for Social Research. That is, this study should be considered as an attempt to develop (with possible further implementation) a new development strategy for the Russian Federation.

This article should be viewed as an ideological claim by the “Kiriyenko group” to dominate the ideological plane in Putin’s inner circle. In fact, we are dealing with an attempt to get a new “national idea” (the former ones, formed by a group led by V. Surkov, turned out to be non-working).

Aleksandr is married and has two children.

Aleksandr Dmitrievich Kharichev was born on February 8, 1966, in Kostroma in the family of a hereditary military man. His father, Dmitry Aleksandrovich Kharichev, served in the 10th Guards Missile Division and rose to the rank of colonel. Grandfather, Aleksandr Nikanorovich Kharichev, a military commander, and order bearer, after WWII, led a regiment in the Baltic Military District, and later taught at the first Leningrad school named after K.E. Voroshilov. Grandfather’s cousin – Ivan Evstigneevich Kharichev, lieutenant general, in the 70-80s headed the Space Intelligence Center of the Main Intelligence Directorate of the USSR Armed Forces.

Aleksandr Kharichev’s uncle, Igor Aleksandrovich Kharichev, is a well-known writer and publicist. During the cadency of Boris Yeltsin as a president, he worked in the Presidential Administration as an assistant to the head of the Administration, Sergei Filatov. Since 1996 serves as a Director of the Center for Applied Electoral Technologies.

After leaving school, Aleksandr Kharichev entered the Kostroma Higher Military Command School of Chemical Protection (now an integral part of the Military Academy of Radiation, Chemical and Biological Protection named after Marshal of the Soviet Union S.K. Timoshenko) and was going to continue the family tradition of becoming an officer. Upon graduation, he was offered to stay on as a teacher at the school.

During 1987–1994 Aleksandr served in the Kostroma Higher Military Command School of Chemical Defense. Later, during 1987-1989 he was a platoon commander, and in 1989-1992 served as the secretary of the committee of the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League (Komsomol) of the battalion, and chairman of the Council of Komsomol schools organisations. During 1992-1994 he was a senior assistant to the head of the school for public relations. In 1995 Aleksandr graduated from the Faculty of Psychology of St. Petersburg State University. During 1994-1996 he worked as a psychologist at the Kostroma Higher Military Command School of Chemical Defense.

In 1996, 30-year-old Aleksandr Kharichev married 22-year-old Elena Yuryevna Klimentyeva. Elena’s father is Colonel, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor Yuri Aleksandrovich Klimentyev, author of more than 300 scientific papers and 20 copyright certificates and patents for inventions in the field of toxic substances and their effects on living organisms. By that time, he headed one of the military research centres of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation in Moscow (military unit 64518 at Moscow, 2nd Baumanskaya street, building 1-v, Lefortovo district). This centre closely cooperated with the State Research Institute of Organic Chemistry and Technology (PO Box No. 74), which develops chemically active substances. It was these institutions, located nearby, that produced the well-known nerve agent Novichok. After the wedding, in 1996, Major Kharichev was moved to military unit 64518 and, thanks to the efforts of his father-in-law, was appointed head of the group of the moral and psychological support department. Interestingly, Kharichev began work in military unit 64518 a year after the leave of the developer of Novichok, Dr Wil Mirzayanov, from Russia.

In 2001, Colonel Klimentyev introduces his son-in-law to the former Prime Minister of the Russian Federation, Sergei Kiriyenko. Kiriyenko was not only the plenipotentiary representative of the President of the Russian Federation in the Volga Federal District, but also headed the state commission for chemical disarmament. Klimentyev recommended Kharichev for the post of secretary of the commission (he himself acted as a consultant to Kiriyenko).

In the same 2001, Kiriyenko takes Kharichev to Nizhniy Novgorod – to the Volga Federal District, which the ex-premier run on behalf of Vladimir Putin. Kharichev headed a number of areas in the apparatus of the authorized representative of the president in the Volga district. So in 2001-2004, Kharichev was an adviser to the administrative department of the office of the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in the Volga Federal District. During 2004-2005 he headed the department for domestic policy in the Office of the Commissioner.

After Kiriyenko left for a new position in November 2005, he decided to maintain partial influence on the federal district, placing his henchmen in important positions, allowing him to control the successor. So, under the new plenipotentiary representative of the President Aleksandr Konovalov, by order of the head of the Presidential Administration Dmitry Medvedev No. 1628 dated December 30, 2005, Kharichev was appointed assistant to the plenipotentiary representative of the President of the Russian Federation in the Volga Federal District.

But soon Kharichev was transferred to Moscow, to Staraya Square. In March 2006, he was appointed Deputy Head of the Office of the President of the Russian Federation for Domestic Policy Oleg Govorun. Kharichev worked in this position until May 2009.

In March 2009 there was a scandal. On March 28, 2009, a citizen of Georgian nationality broke the side glass of a GLK 350 4Matic (license plate U622OA199) and stole a bag and two expensive phones worth $1.5 thousand each in front of Kharichev’s wife Elena. The bag contained important documents relating to the activities of the Presidential Administration. The arriving police recorded the robbery of Elena Yuryevna Kharicheva, born in 1974, designer of Kharicheva PE (she was engaged in the design of elite apartments and mansions). However, the investigation showed that in addition to the specified car, Elena also owned an expensive Porsche. Her husband had a collection of Mercedes cars and an Audi Q7 (license plate C112PO777). It is also interesting that before Kharichev joined the Administration, his wife’s earnings were estimated at 17 thousand rubles a month, but soon her income increased to 12 million a year. An internal investigation into the facts of corruption began, and in May 2009 Kharichev resigned from the Administration.

Also, Kharichev was blamed for faults during the March 1, 2009 elections. The Kommersant newspaper wrote: “He wrote a letter of resignation at the request of the leadership – the head of the internal policy department Oleg Govorun and the first deputy head of the Presidential Administration Vladislav Surkov – on Monday, immediately after calculating the results of the elections in nine regional legislative assemblies and several dozen municipalities. According to sources, the Kremlin was dissatisfied with the results of the elections. Even though Edinaya Rossiya managed to achieve a majority in almost all regional parliaments, the party was unable to attract voters to the polling stations in sufficient numbers, the turnout was lower than predicted, and part of the electorate of the party in power ignored the elections. So, for example, according to internal polls of the party in the Vladimir region, the results were predicted based on a turnout of more than 40%, while in reality, it was just over 30%. In addition, Edinaya Rossiya suffered several setbacks in the municipal elections: the Communists were ahead of them in the elections to the Tver city council, and the parties got an almost equal number of votes in the Bryansk city council. The nominee of Edinaya Rossiya lost the mayor campaign in Smolensk; in Tomsk, Murmansk and Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky they were expecting a tough fight in the second round. Irritation was caused by the fact that internal opinion polls, exit polls and election commissions did not coincide. It was announced that in some regions Edinaya Rossiya had to interrupt exit polls, as they turned out to be excessively inflated compared to sociology.

An important point: Kharichev was also charged with the fact that he did not always observe subordination and communicated with the head of the Administration, Sergei Naryshkin, “over the head” of his immediate leadership – Oleg Govorun and his patron, Vladislav Surkov.

At the request of Sergey Kiriyenko, in May 2009, Kharichev was appointed Executive Director for Strategy and Development of the Russian Communal Systems Company (operates heat, electricity, water supply and sanitation in several regions of the Russian Federation). Part of the Renova group of companies belongs to Viktor Vekselberg. In 2012-2013 Kharichev also served on the boards of directors of the energy companies TRK and IDGC of Siberia.

From November 2013 to January 2017 served as the Head of the Department for Work with the Regions, Advisor to the General Director of the State Atomic Energy Corporation Rosatom. Until October 5, 2016, the state corporation was headed by Sergey Kiriyenko, then Aleksey Likhachev.

In January 2017 Kharichev returned to work in the Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation and took the post of Deputy Head of the Presidential Administration for Domestic Policy Andrei Yarin. According to media reports, Alexander Kharichev oversaw the preparations for the election of the Russian head of state in March 2018.

On June 22, 2018, the head of state Vladimir Putin appointed Aleksandr Kharichev as the head of the Office of the President of the Russian Federation for ensuring the activities of the State Council by his decree.

The establishment of the State Council was one of Vladimir Putin’s first administrative reforms as president of Russia. In March 2000, he was elected head of state, and on May 17 he announced a new procedure for the formation of the Federation Council, the upper house of the Russian parliament. In the 1990s, this body included elected governors and heads of regional legislative assemblies, who quite often blocked the initiatives of the government and the head of state – now they could only send their representatives to Moscow.

The State Council of Russia in a new capacity formed on September 1, 2000, following the Presidential decree. It approved the regulation of the State Council of Russia. Under the regulation, the State Council is an advisory body that promotes the exercise of the powers of the head of state on issues of ensuring the coordinated functioning and interaction of state authorities. In its activities, the State Council is guided by the Constitution, federal constitutional laws, federal laws, decrees and orders of the President.

The first meeting took place on November 22, 2000. Opening the meeting, Putin said that the State Council should become a strategic political body, and this is the significant difference between this structure and other state bodies.

In his Speech to the Federal Assembly on January 15, 2020, Putin proposed, among other amendments, to consolidate the status of the State Council in the Constitution. The constitutional amendments of 2020 included a separate presidential authority to form the State Council of the Russian Federation “in order to ensure the coordinated functioning and interaction of state authorities, determine the main directions of the domestic and foreign policy of the Russian Federation and priority areas for the socio-economic development of the state.”

The opposition periodical Meduza wrote: “We don’t know for sure, but definitely there are reasons to doubt it. Putin often stresses that Russia’s political norms do not differ from other developed countries. In a recent interview given to the Austrian TV channel ORF, he stated again that, while remaining in power for 18 years, he had never violated a letter of law and had not been a president for more than two consecutive terms. On the other hand, Putin has someone to look up to. In the spring of 2018, Chinese President Xi Jinping, for the first time since the days of Mao Zedong, received the right to be re-elected for an unlimited number of terms, that is, to become the life ruler of the country. China is a significant example for the Russian authorities. Constitutional reform has been going on in Kazakhstan for many years, and this is one of the most stable political regimes in the post-Soviet space … Putin can focus on the Chinese and Kazakh experience – and become the head of the Russian State Council for life and the informal head of state.

In connection with the appointment of Kharichev, the opposition Omsk press wrote: “In recent days, many have congratulated Alexander Kharichev on his promotion, and Sergei Kiriyenko on another personnel victory. Although, if you look at it, the resourceful Kiriyenko may soon lose control over the regions, the federal agenda and the Internet thanks to the main one at the moment, the “Sorcerer of All Rus'” Alexander Kharichev, who fools the “master” under the guise of regional sociology. It’s no secret that Kharichev through various funds and organizations ANO EISI, CG “Polylog”, Gazprom, Rosatom, and Rosneft receives huge sums for the acquisition of political scientists, journalists, and experts. These “specialists” are preparing sociology for Kharichev, who, in turn, presents it to the gullible Kiriyenko in a favourable light for himself. People who are far from patriotism and who are not statesmen work for Kharichev. These are people admitted to the holy of holies: the secrets of the Administration of the President of the Russian Federation. They are not employees of the administration, freely moving around the Administration and working in its offices. We can assume that all this leapfrog with “pseudo-leaks” comes exclusively from Kharichev and his “partners”, who set themselves the goal of quarrelling with the respected mastodons Kiriyenko-Volodin-Gromov, and all to remain and strengthen in the AP, taking away key areas activities. Legalized in the AP, accustomed to idly eat up the funds Golushko Elena, Kuznetsov Gleb, Fedulkina Anna. By the way, Kharichev is a great friend of Andrey Golushko, in whose interests Siberia is bending over and preparing a governor’s position in the Omsk region and a business site in Novosibirsk. Golushko’s daughter – Elena is an EISI expert and adviser to Kharichev. 

She works in the Presidential Administration. And like her parents and sister, apparently, she also has a residence permit in France. In fact, our entire national sociology is entrusted to everyone except the state itself. In our opinion, this is why the events in Kemerovo, Omsk, etc. are taking place. In the internal policy directorate, Kharichev is like a bull in a china shop – he is cramped. He has the opportunity to speculate on the name of Sergey Vladilenovych in front of the deputies and Yarin himself. What kind of internal policy will we have if the Count Alessandro di Cagliostro of our days with his “experts” and “specialists” has pivoted Old Square into his business corner for the dull cut of budgetary and non-budgetary funds behind the back of Sergei Vladilenovich, who still trusts him?”

However, some experts believe that this publication was requested by a person close to the old enemy of Kharichev and Kiriyenko – Surkov.

Indeed, Kharichev gathered a number of political technologists and sociologists around him. They began to serve the authorities and the presidential administration actively. This group includes Oleg Matveychev, head of the Petersburg Politics Foundation Mikhail Vinogradov, director general of the Agency for Political and Economic Communications Dmitry Orlov, president of the Minchenko consulting communications holding Yevgeny Minchenko, director general of the Polylog PR agency Oleg Karpilov, political technologists Dmitry Gusev, Grigory Kazankov and Andrei Bogdanov, President of the Russian Association of Political Consultants Alexei Kurtov, Director of the Department for Cooperation with the Regions of Rosatom Andrei Polosin, Head of the Expert Council of the Expert Institute for Social Research Gleb Kuznetsov.

One of the Telegram channels posted: “Many fell into this circle from Rosatom or structures associated with it. In terms of the budget, significant regular resources, including from state corporations, are received by Polylog (Karpilov) and IESI (Kuznetsov), but they act only as managers of the movement of funds, the real owner of the money is Kharichev. 

In 2017, there was even an attempt to create a special fund that would deal with local elections. Kharichev was supposed to supervise this fund.

In 2019, immediately after his appointment, Aleksandr Kharichev gathered political technologists and summed up the results of the 2019 election campaigns (it was at this meeting that the elections to the Moscow City Duma were described as “failed”). Sergey Kiriyenko liked the format of the meeting, and after 2 weeks, Kharichev gathered for a conversation already the heads of the regions (mainly those in charge of the election of vice-governors), in which elections were expected in

. The main directive of the meetings: when defining policy, it is necessary to focus not on lobbyists from the State Duma and Edinaya Rossiya (mainly Vyacheslav Volodin and Andrei Turchak), but on figures agreed with Sergei Kiriyenko’s domestic political bloc.

In 2020 Kharichev was responsible for the awareness-raising campaign about the fight against coronavirus and controlled the mood of citizens related to security measures and the reaction to government actions. “The trend associated with the pandemic: that society has accumulated fatigue from fear, restrictions and the fact that we do not understand what will happen tomorrow. This is one of the main trends of today. We believed that we defeated the pandemic in the spring, and now we don’t believe that it won’t happen in the fall,” Kharichev stated in the summer of 2021.

One of the Telegram channels in September 2020 noted: “Aleksandr Dmitrievich Kharichev always knew how to shift the responsibility for failures and problems to others. And act at the last moment in the role of “saviour”. It seems that the time allotted to him for the realization of this talent was not enough at all.

At the same time, Kharichev is lobbying for appointments – mostly people close to him.

So in November 2020, Kharichev lobbied Vyacheslav Gladkov for the post of acting governor of the Belgorod region. Gladkov is familiar with Kharichev from their joint work at Rosatom. Since 2009, Gladkov headed a closed city Zarechny, one of the main cities where Rosatom has a presence in the Volga region, and in 2013, in the state corporation Kharichev headed the Office for cooperation with regions. Earlier, Kharichev lobbied Gladkov for the post of “vice-governor” of Sevastopol (under Dmitry Ovsyannikov).

It was Kharichev who secured the appointment of Dmitry Trapeznikov, nicknamed “Signor Tomato”, the former head of the self-proclaimed “DPR”, as the acting mayor of Elista (the capital of Kalmykia) as interim mayor. The head of Kalmykia, Batu Khasikov, is a personal friend of Kharichev. One of the sources reported: “Khasikov, when he was engaged in martial arts, had a whole club that was engaged in organising ultimate fighting, and Kharichev’s mother-in-law was the chief accountant in this project.” Kharichev’s wife Elena worked for some time in the Yellow, black and white project, which is headed by Khasikov’s close friend Sangadzhi Tarbaev (former captain of the a comedy show KVN team “RUDN”).

In autumn of 2020, it became known that Kharichev in his post would be one of the four curators of the elections to the State Duma of the Russian Federation scheduled for September 19, 2021. The main technological burden of the elections was supposed to fall on the shoulders of Alexander Kharichev and the head of the Presidential Administration’s department for domestic policy Andrei Yarin. In addition to them, the curatorship of the electoral process was also entrusted to the head of the Department for Public Projects, Novikov, and the head of the Department for the Development of Information and Communication Technologies and Communications Infrastructure, Matveeva. Boris Rapoport, a political strategist close to Kharichev, was appointed first deputy head of the headquarters of the Edinaya Rossiya party (some experts argued that it was the Kharichev-Rapoport tandem that was responsible for compiling the lists of candidates from the “establishment-backed party”).

The media (mainly, again, along the line of Surkov) constantly threw in the information that there was a serious conflict between Kharichev and Yarin. Although most experts refuted this information: both Yarin and Kharichev are “functional people”, whose subjectivity is determined solely by the scope of their competence, and the bonuses that they can receive for good work do not allow their areas of interest to intersect: if Edinaya Rossiya succeed, Yarin dreams of heading the Russian Railways, and Kharichev is dreaming of taking the place of the head of the Office of the Presidential Administration for Domestic Policy. So there is no room for conflict.

Vedomosti wrote about Kharichev as the main ideologist and chief technologist of the 2021 elections. However, this is not quite true. Kharichev was engaged (practically monopoly) in the distribution of political strategists among regional headquarters, but no more. As the curator of the campaign from the Presidential Administration, he was also a member of a kind of “board of directors” of the campaign, which, in addition to him, also included Sergey Kiriyenko, Andrey Turchak, Andrey Yarin, Deputy Head of the Government Staff Alexander Gribov, Acting Deputy Secretary of the General Council Vladimir Vasilyev, Deputy Secretary of the General Council Sergei Perminov, as well as coordinator of the expert council of the party Konstantin Kostin. Another employee of the presidential administration, the assistant of the internal policy department, Alexey Semenov have been also involved as a person responsible for relations with the regions.

In July 2021, Kharichev, through Kommersant, “leaked” information that Edinaya Rossiya agreed to the upcoming elections for 250 mandates (before that, it was about 300). On the other hand, a new faction of 18-19 deputies should appear in the chamber, with which Edinaya Rossiya will establish a coalition on the most important issues (such as the New People party, which they are very actively trying to get into the Duma – despite the party’s lack of real ratings. It is believed that New People is a project of Kharichev, who is trying to prove the need for a liberal project to be present in the Duma – otherwise, Edinaya Rossiya will have to deal with serious pressure from the communists. There is a variety of signals to the establishment-backed party that it’s hard to know who to listen to.

Kharichev continues to be in Kiriyenko’s team and is not seen as an independent figure. Meduza noted: “Andrey Yarin is a million per cent loyal to Kiriyenko, he is a real old-school servant who reports to his boss. If he says to shoot himself, then Yarin will shoot himself. But in the same way, Andrey will be loyal to the new patron. But Kharichev is still closer and more understandable for Kiriyenko.”

Interestingly, synchronously with the statements of Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu about the need to transfer the capital of the Russian Federation to Siberia, Kharichev also made a statement that Novosibirsk could become the capital of Russia shortly – Kharichev said this on July 8, 2021, in Sochi, speaking at the III Forum of young political scientists of Russia “Digoria”.

On January 24, 2022, a strategic session of the Edinaya Rossiya party called “Party 2026” was held. This event was held behind closed doors for journalists, and the main topic of discussion was the results of the parliamentary elections, as well as preparations for the presidential elections in 2024 and the parliamentary campaign in 2026. Sergei Kiriyenko attended the session online, but in his address he expressed several issues. In the opinion of the curator of the Kremlin’s domestic political bloc, they were incomplete despite he described the last elections as successful (Edinaya Rossiya retained a constitutional majority in the State Duma, having 324 out of 450 mandates). One of the main questions concerned the formation of an agitation and mobilization network, which did not show the desired result. According to available information, the leadership of the Edinaya Rossiya party is faced with the task of forming such a network, which would include at least 30 million people. Kiriyenko also focused on the need to develop a presence in social networks and use such tools more actively.

As a result of the closed strategic session, it became clear that despite the many problems faced by the vertical of Sergei Kiriyenko during the elections, he does not plan to make any replacements and leaves the supervision of this direction to Kharichev and Yarin.

After the outbreak of hostilities in the territory of Ukraine and the occupation of part of the territories in the southeastern regions by the Russian occupation forces, the Kremlin started talking about holding referendums on the accession of these territories to Russia. At the same time, they began to discuss the possibility of creating a new federal district within the Russian Federation. At the end of September, such “referendums” were held, and a few days later Putin signed a decree on the entry of the so-called “DNR” and “LNR”, as well as the temporarily occupied Zaporizhzhia and Kherson regions into Russia. Actually, they decided to wait with the new federal district, although sending Dmitry Rogozin, who is considered one of the main contenders for the leadership of such a district, to the Donbas.

Earlier it became known that Sergiy Kiriyenko became the new curator of the occupied territories of Donbas and the South of Ukraine, actually replacing Dmitry Kozak in this post. Together with Kiriyenko, representatives of his team, including Kharichev and Yarin, took up the issue of Ukrainian territories. At what, apparently, it is Kharichev who is trying to take over the main initiative.

Before the liberation of the right-bank part of the Kherson Oblast from the Russian occupation troops, the creation of the federal district was supervised by Boris Rapoport, Deputy Head of the Administration Department for the Affairs of the State Council (headed by Kharivev), who had previously dealt with the Donbas. In 2014 he served as Deputy Head of the Department for Social-economic cooperation with the CIS countries. At that time, the self-proclaimed “DNR” and “LNR” were supervised by Vladislav Surkov (in the position of the presidential aide) from the Kremlin. Together with Surkov, Rapoport worked in the mid-2000s. Then Surkov was the deputy head of the Presidential Administration, and Rapoport was the deputy head of the Kremlin’s regional policy department. Now, the future of the new federal district, apparently, remains up in the air.

At the same time, Sergei Kiriyenko, who has repeatedly visited the occupied regions of Ukraine recently, in the preparation and holding of “referendums” made a clear bet on Oleksandr Kharichev, who achieved the necessary goals and demonstrated a result that satisfied Kiriyenko.

Firstly, Aleksandr Kharichev published a scientific paper “Perception of the basic values, factors and structures of the socio-historical development of Russia (based on research and testing)”.

The abstract of the article indicates that it analyzes the results of a study of the emotional-figurative vision of the fundamental factors and structures that influence the current state of the worldview of Russian society, acting as stabilizing, unifying and motivating social vectors. The results make it possible to increase the effectiveness of the development of national strategies in the field of the formation of a civil society based on a shared understanding of the fundamental constructive values ​​that are most consonant with the personal worldview of a particular citizen.

There is also a prospect of creating a full-fledged integral “national code” formed from intuitive archetypes and images that enhance the traditional strengths of Russian society, which can be described as a hierarchical system of interrelated images and meanings. The study was conducted by the method of group discussions from March 4 to May 20, 2022.

Relying upon the results of the discussions, the researchers formed a five-level “pentabasis”: a person-family-society-state-country. Value dominants were created for each level. For the country it is patriotism, for the state it is “trust in the institutions of power”, for the family it is the people of Russia, for society it is consent, for the individual it is created. “The thesis was voiced that European society is individualistic, and we have the main value: family + family with friends, which leads to the emergence of the thesis “family as a level”. Value dominant: the people of the Russian Federation are a family of families. Stimulating the birth rate and the concept of a “big family,” the article says.

As a result of the discussions, the following concepts were proposed.

Metaphors of the image of the future of Russia. “The state is a novel” (written collectively by citizen writers, and it has alternative endings), “the Russian future is the second part of Dead Souls, burned by Gogol”, and “the state is the Firebird”.

Concepts of the modern state. “Motherland with a laser sword” (a source of pride for the Russian spirit and a guide to the future), “a state of friendly service.”

Messianic concepts of the state of the future. “Russia as a prophet country” (opposes the Grand Inquisitor), “Russia is the world’s guardian, the “guardian of good”.

Idealistic concepts of the state of the future. “Wonderful City” (inclusiveness, coexistence, acceptance of others as equals, “not to be confused with the term “tolerance” in any way”), “The Pie” (harmoniously combines different things).

Mechanistic concepts of the state of the future. “Kaleidoscope” (a multifaceted future), “a medium-sized magnet state” (creates a field for a certain community).

The participants of the study concluded that a person in the “Russia of the Future” is “proud of his country, influential and in demand, financially secure, free within the framework of certain hostel rules.” According to the authors, ideas about self-realization in the Russian Federation are very different from those common in the Western world. “Self-realization or destiny in the Russian case implies that the individual contributes to the development of the country. The stage of capitalization of the destination is optional, ”the authors write.

It is worth noting that, in addition to Kharichev, the co-authors of the article were Andrey Shutov, Dean of the Faculty of Political Science at Moscow State University, Andrey Polosin, Doctor of Political Science, Head of the Department for Cooperation with the Regions at Rosatom, and Ekaterina Sokolova, Deputy Executive Director for Strategy and Forecasting of the Expert Institute for Social Research. That is, this study should be considered as an attempt to develop (with possible further implementation) a new development strategy for the Russian Federation.

This article should be viewed as an ideological claim by the “Kiriyenko group” to dominate the ideological plane in Putin’s inner circle. In fact, we are dealing with an attempt to get a new “national idea” (the former ones, formed by a group led by V. Surkov, turned out to be non-working).

Aleksandr is married and has two children.

More articles

229 COMMENTS

  1. Мечтаете о микрозайме без сложных проверок? На [url=https://wikizaim.ru/]wikizaim.ru[/url] ваши мечты становятся реальностью! Представьте, как просто: вы заходите на сайт, выбираете из лучших предложений на рынке и получаете необходимую сумму прямо на вашу карту. Без проверок, без лишних вопросов, только ваша финансовая свобода в несколько кликов!

  2. В 2023 году на финансовом рынке появились новые МФО, которые предлагают займы без отказа. Эти учреждения ориентированы на удовлетворение потребностей широкого круга заемщиков, предлагая упрощенные процедуры одобрения заявок. Однако, несмотря на кажущуюся доступность, важно тщательно изучать условия предоставления займов, процентные ставки и возможные санкции за просрочку платежей. Подробнее о новых МФО 2023 можно узнать на [url=https://vc.ru/u/2632054-skilroom/938020-zaymy-2023-na-kartu-novye-i-maloizvestnye-mfo-po-vydache-bystryh-zaymov]vc.ru[/url]

  3. Представьте, что ваши финансовые проблемы могут быть решены мгновенно. Наш онлайн-сервис займов на карту без отказа предлагает вам именно это. Быстрое решение, прозрачные условия, и главное – без отказа! Не откладывайте свои планы на потом, решите их прямо сейчас с нашей помощью.

    На нашем портале вы найдете [url=https://dzen.ru/a/ZWzCnKzreD2pFSOB]взять займ онлайн без отказа наличными[/url] и [url=https://dzen.ru/a/ZWzCnKzreD2pFSOB]деньги на карту мгновенно без отказа[/url] которые доступны для всех от 18 лет!

  4. Рассмотрев [url=https://credit-world.ru/]займы на карту без отказов[/url], обнаружил, что сайт предоставляет широкий выбор МФО, что значительно упрощает поиск и сравнение различных предложений. Это позволяет найти наиболее выгодные условия и подходящие ставки, что особенно важно при срочной необходимости в финансовой помощи.

  5. Оценивая рынок [url=https://credit-world.ru/]микрозаймов без отказов на карту[/url], можно констатировать, что он демонстрирует устойчивый рост. Это обусловлено увеличением спроса на краткосрочные финансовые решения. Микрозаймы предлагаются с различными условиями, включая разные сроки и процентные ставки. Однако потенциальные заемщики должны быть внимательны к условиям договоров и избегать займов у ненадежных кредиторов.

  6. Найти [url=https://a-kovka.ru/kovanye-perila]кованые перила для лестниц цена[/url] которых соответствует вашему бюджету, легко в “А-ковка”. Они предлагают широкий ассортимент перил, которые подойдут как для внутренних, так и для наружных лестниц. Их перила отличаются прочностью, изяществом и долговечностью, делая их идеальным выбором для любого дома.

  7. Ваш путь к финансовой свободе начинается здесь! Наш сайт собрал лучшие предложения микрозаймов для жителей России. Мы предлагаем быстрые и удобные решения для получения денег в любое время дня и ночи. С нами вы можете быть уверены в мгновенном одобрении заявки и получении денег наиболее удобным для вас способом. Кроме того, на нашем сайте вы найдете множество полезных статей и рекомендаций о микрокредитах, которые помогут вам сделать осознанный выбор.

    Mikro-Zaim-Online – [url=https://mikro-zaim-online.ru/]микрозайм круглосуточно без отказа[/url] ваш финансовый союзник: надежные займы для каждого с 18 лет.

  8. Эффективное воздухонепроницаемость фасадов — уют и экономическая выгода в личном недвижимости!
    Согласитесь, ваш коттедж заслуживает отличного! Теплосбережение наружных стен – не просто решение для экономии на тепле, это вклад в комфорт и долголетие вашего недвижимости.
    ✨ Почему теплоизоляция с нами-специалистами?
    Мастерство в своем деле: Наша команда – квалифицированные. Наша команда заботимся о каждом элементе, чтобы обеспечить вашему коттеджу идеальное теплоизоляция.
    Сумма изоляции: Мы все ценим ваш бюджетные ограничения. [url=https://stroystandart-kirov.ru/]Утепление фасада квартиры снаружи цена[/url] – от 1350 руб./кв.м. Это вкладывание в ваше комфортабельное будущее!
    Энергосбережение: Забудьте о потерях тепловой энергии! Наша технология не только сохраняют тепло, но и дарят вашему зданию новый уровень комфорта энергоэффективности.
    Создайте свой дом комфортабельным и стильным!
    Подробнее на [url=https://stroystandart-kirov.ru/]stroystandart-kirov.ru/[/url]
    Не предоставляйте без внимания свой недвижимость на произвольное решение. Доверьтесь нам-профессионалам и создайте тепло вместе с нами-мастерами!

  9. Холоп смотреть. Холоп фильм 2024 смотреть онлайн бесплатно в хорошем качестве hd 1080 бесплатно полностью лорд фильм. Фильм холоп 2. Фильм холоп смотреть онлайн бесплатно. Холоп 2 смотреть. Фильм холоп смотреть онлайн. Холоп 2 фильм 2024. Холоп смотреть.

  10. Возникла неотложная финансовая потребность? Не беспокойтесь. На expl0it.ru вы можете быстро оформить [url=https://expl0it.ru/]кредит без отказа на карту онлайн[/url]. Процесс оформления займа максимально упрощен: выберите желаемую сумму до 30 000 рублей, заполните короткую форму заявки, и деньги будут переведены на вашу карту. Мы гарантируем быстрое решение без проверок и бюрократии.

  11. Фильмы в хорошем качестве, Кино смотреть онлайн бесплатно. Фильмы 2023 новинки смотреть онлайн бесплатно. Испанские фильмы смотреть онлайн. Военные фильмы: смотреть онлайн, бесплатно и в хорошем качестве. Смотреть фильмы онлайн – голливудские фильмы. Смотреть фильмы и сериалы онлайн.

  12. Хостинг Windows VDS / VPS серверов
    – Отлично подходит под Xneolinks
    – Outline VPN, WireGuard VPN, IPsec VPN.
    – Отлично подходит под A-Parser
    – Быстрые серверы с NVMe.
    – Ubuntu, Debian, CentOS, Oracle 9 – бесплатно
    – Windows – 2022, 2019, 2016, 2012 R2
    – Автоматическая установка Windows – бесплатно
    – Возможность арендовать сервер на 1 час или 1 сутки
    – Для сервера сеть на скорости 1 Гбит!
    – Почасовая оплата
    – Мгновенное развёртывание сервера в несколько кликов – бесплатно
    – Более 15 000 сервер уже в работе
    – Круглосуточная техническая поддержка – бесплатно
    – Windows – 2012 R2, 2016, 2019, 2022 – бесплатно
    – Скорость порта подключения к сети интернет — 1000 Мбит/сек
    – Отлично подходит под GSA Search Engine Ranker
    – Отлично подходит под XRumer + XEvil
    – Дата-центр в Москве и Амстердаме
    – Отлично подходит под CapMonster
    – Супер (аптайм, скорость, пинг, нагрузка)
    – Управляйте серверами на лету.
    – FASTPANEL и HestiaCP – бесплатно

  13. Аренда VPS/VDS сервера
    – Отлично подходит под CapMonster
    – Круглосуточная техническая поддержка – бесплатно
    – FASTPANEL и HestiaCP – бесплатно
    – Дата-центр в Москве и Амстердаме
    – Отлично подходит под A-Parser
    – Отлично подходит под Xneolinks
    – Быстрые серверы с NVMe.
    – Управляйте серверами на лету.
    – Отлично подходит под GSA Search Engine Ranker
    – Ubuntu, Debian, CentOS, Oracle 9 – бесплатно
    – Outline VPN, WireGuard VPN, IPsec VPN.
    – Windows – 2012 R2, 2016, 2019, 2022 – бесплатно
    – Более 15 000 сервер уже в работе
    – Автоматическая установка Windows – бесплатно
    – Скорость порта подключения к сети интернет — 1000 Мбит/сек
    – Для сервера сеть на скорости 1 Гбит!
    – Отлично подходит под XRumer + XEvil
    – Супер (аптайм, скорость, пинг, нагрузка)
    – Возможность арендовать сервер на 1 час или 1 сутки
    – Мгновенное развёртывание сервера в несколько кликов – бесплатно
    – Windows – 2022, 2019, 2016, 2012 R2
    – Почасовая оплата

  14. Моя жизнь была полна стресса, и мне нужен был перерыв. Но не хватало средств. Благодаря порталу с МФО 2024 года, я получил микрозайм даже с плохой историей. Этот отпуск стал настоящим спасением.

    [url=https://bycesoir.com/]Займы на карту онлайн[/url] от лучших МФО 2024 года – для получения займа до 30000 рублей на карту без отказа, от вас требуется только паспорт и именная банковская карта!

  15. Ищете надежной службе доставки цветов? “Цветов.ру” гарантирует исключительный сервис по доставке цветов в множестве городов, включая такие города, как Нефтекамск на пр. Комсомольском 39, Казань на пр. Фатыха Амирхана 15, Владимир на пр. Ленина 24, и многие другие.

    Сделайте шаг к радости, заказав у нас волшебный букет для себя или ваших близких, заказав букет на нашем сайте по услуге [url=https://mebeli16.ru/surgut/]доставка цветов[/url].

    Прибегая к услугам “Цветов.ру”, вы обеспечиваете себе свежесть и качество букетов, с помощью квалифицированных специалистов. Наши сервисы включают больше, чем просто стандартную доставку, но и особенные опции, такие как возможность получения фото букета до и после доставки.

    Независимо от вашего адресата, будь то Нефтекамск, Казань, Владимир, или любой другой город, “Цветов.ру” гарантирует быстрой и аккуратной доставке.

    Сделайте ваш заказ сегодня и передайте радость и красоту с “Цветов.ру”, вашим лучшим выбором для доставки цветов в любой части России.

  16. Нуждаетесь в высококачественной службе доставки цветов? “Цветов.ру” предлагает великолепный сервис по доставке цветов в различных уголках страны, включая Нефтекамск, Казань, Владимир, Тихорецк, Москва, Уфа, Янаул, Оренбург, Орехово-Зуево, Набережные Челны, Киров, Зеленоград, Кемерово, Благовещенск, Йошкар-Ола, Иваново, Тольятти, Вологда, Волгоград, Долгопрудный, Смоленск, Сосновый Бор, Салават, Печора, Сыктывкар, Ростов-на-Дону, Грозный, Новочеркасск, Самара, Астрахань.

    Сделайте шаг к радости, заказав у нас волшебный букет для себя или ваших близких, заказав букет на нашем сайте по услуге [url=https://krasnodar-renault.ru/about/franchise/]доставка цветов[/url].

    Определившись с услугам “Цветов.ру”, вы гарантируете идеальное состояние букетов, с использованием профессиональных флористов. Наши услуги включают больше, чем просто стандартную доставку, но и особенные предложения, такие как предоставление фотографий букетов до и после доставки.

    Вне зависимости от местоположения вашего получателя, будь то места, такие как Янаул, Оренбург, Орехово-Зуево, или Набережные Челны, “Цветов.ру” позаботится о своевременной и профессиональной доставке.

    Сделайте ваш заказ сегодня и передайте радость и красоту с “Цветов.ру”, вашим идеальным выбором для доставки цветов в любой части России.

  17. Срочно нужен микрозайм? В 2024 году лучшие МФО предлагают быстрые займы без отказа всего за 5 минут. На нашем сайте вы найдете подборку таких компаний с минимальными требованиями к заемщику. Независимо от вашей кредитной истории, вы можете получить необходимые средства. Оформите заявку и получите деньги моментально!

    [url=http://sovetonk.ru/forum/user/167994/]Новые займы: перспективы и тренды[/url]
    [url=https://profnails.ru/forum/?PAGE_NAME=profile_view&UID=54355]Займы новые: тренды и прогнозы[/url]
    [url=http://bazarweb.ru/forum.php?PAGE_NAME=profile_view&UID=27168]Малоизвестные МФО: что говорят клиенты[/url]
    [url=http://xn--j1abfeccmj1d1c.xn--p1ai/forum/?PAGE_NAME=profile_view&UID=18526]Новые МФО: поиск лучших решений[/url]
    [url=https://car-tool.ru/forum/user/1419802/]Малоизвестные МФО: возможности и риски[/url]

  18. В поисках удобной службе доставки цветов? “Цветов.ру” предлагает непревзойденный сервис по доставке цветов в различных уголках страны, включая такие города, как Нефтекамск на пр. Комсомольском 39, Казань на пр. Фатыха Амирхана 15, Владимир на пр. Ленина 24, и многие другие.

    Позвольте себе или своим близким радость удивительного букета от наших флористов, заказав букет на нашем сайте по услуге [url=https://pravozashcitnik.ru/essentuki/]доставка цветов[/url].

    Определившись с услугам “Цветов.ру”, вы получаете свежесть и качество букетов, с использованием профессиональных флористов. Наши предложения включают более чем стандартную доставку, но и персонализированные варианты, такие как предоставление фотографий букетов до и после доставки.

    Независимо от вашего близкого, будь то города, как Казань, Владимир, Тихорецк, или даже Москва и Уфа, “Цветов.ру” позаботится о быстрой и аккуратной доставке.

    Оформите ваш заказ сегодня и доставьте радость и красоту с “Цветов.ру”, вашим надежным выбором для доставки цветов в разных городах России.

  19. Наша бригада профессиональных исполнителей проштудирована предлагать вам передовые технологии, которые не только обеспечивают долговечную оборону от заморозков, но и дарят вашему зданию трендовый вид.
    Мы эксплуатируем с самыми современными строительными материалами, подтверждая долгий запас работы и выдающиеся итоги. Изолирование фронтонов – это не только сокращение расходов на обогреве, но и забота о окружающей природе. Энергоэффективные технические средства, какие мы осуществляем, способствуют не только жилищу, но и сохранению природы.
    Самое основное: [url=https://ppu-prof.ru/]Наружное утепление фасада цена[/url] у нас составляет всего от 1250 рублей за квадратный метр! Это доступное решение, которое сделает ваш домашний уголок в настоящий комфортный уголок с скромными затратами.
    Наши достижения – это не лишь теплоизоляция, это формирование пространства, в где каждый член отражает ваш персональный манеру. Мы примем во внимание все твои требования, чтобы воплотить ваш дом еще дополнительно уютным и привлекательным.
    Подробнее на [url=https://ppu-prof.ru/]официальном сайте[/url]
    Не откладывайте заботу о своем доме на потом! Обращайтесь к исполнителям, и мы сделаем ваш корпус не только уютнее, но и стильным. Заинтересовались? Подробнее о наших проектах вы можете узнать на нашем сайте. Добро пожаловать в пределы гармонии и качественной работы.

  20. С тех пор, как я начал заботиться о своем здоровье, я не могу представить свой день без свежевыжатого сока. Благодарю ‘все соки’ за их [url=https://blender-bs5.ru/collection/sokovyzhimalki-dlya-granata]соковыжималку гранат[/url], которая делает мой завтрак идеальным!

  21. Переход на здоровое питание подтолкнул меня к покупке маслопресса. ‘Все соки’ предложили именно то, что мне было нужно. Теперь я делаю своё собственное масло, что невероятно удобно и полезно. [url=https://blender-bs5.ru/collection/maslopressy]Маслопресс купить[/url] – это было лучшее решение для моего здоровья!

  22. Мой переход к здоровому питанию был упрощён благодаря решению соковыжималки шнековые купить от ‘Все соки’. Они предлагают отличное качество и удобство в использовании. С их помощью я теперь готовлю вкусные и полезные соки каждое утро. [url=https://blender-bs5.ru/collection/shnekovye-sokovyzhimalki]Соковыжималки шнековые купить[/url] – это было важно для моего здоровья.

  23. Моя история изменения к лучшему началась с покупки [url=https://blender-bs5.ru/collection/sokovyzhimalki-dlya-granata]соковыжималки для гранатового сока[/url] в “Все соки”. Простота использования и великолепный вкус свежевыжатых соков помогли мне пересмотреть свои привычки и полюбить здоровое питание.

  24. Я исключительно рад работой вместе с https://seo-prodvijenie-v-msk.ru! Когда мне нужно было улучшить видимость моего проекта по разработке нейросетевых генеративных моделей, их команда демонстрировала высокий профессионализм. Работа была выполнена в соответствии со всеми требованиями и точно в установленные сроки, что значительно улучшило посещаемость сайта. Рекомендую!

  25. PBN sites
    We build a system of privately-owned blog network sites!

    Benefits of our privately-owned blog network:

    We perform everything SO THAT google doesn’t grasp THAT this is A PBN network!!!

    1- We obtain web domains from separate registrars

    2- The primary site is hosted on a VPS hosting (Virtual Private Server is high-speed hosting)

    3- The rest of the sites are on various hostings

    4- We attribute a separate Google ID to each site with confirmation in Google Search Console.

    5- We create websites on WordPress, we don’t utilize plugins with the help of which Trojans penetrate and through which pages on your websites are generated.

    6- We don’t repeat templates and use only individual text and pictures

    We don’t work with website design; the client, if wished, can then edit the websites to suit his wishes

  26. Я очень доволен сотрудничеством с https://seo-prodvijenie-v-msk.ru! Когда мне понадобилось повысить видимость моего проекта по разработке нейросетевых генеративных моделей, их команда проявила высокий профессионализм. Работа была выполнена качественно и в срок, что значительно повысило трафик на сайт. Рекомендую!

  27. Everything You Need to Know
    2. Aviator Games: Test Your Flying Skills in this Exciting Challenge
    3. Get Ready to Soar: Aviator Games for Thrill Seekers
    4. Master the Sky: Aviator Games for Aviation Enthusiasts
    5. Take Flight with Aviator Games: A High-Flying Adventure
    6. Challenge Yourself with Aviator Games: Are You Ready to Take On the Sky?
    7. The Sky’s the Limit: Aviator Games for Daredevils
    8. Aviator Games: The Perfect Way to Experience the Thrill of Flying
    9. Fly High with Aviator Games: An Exciting Journey Awaits
    10. Unleash Your Inner Pilot: Aviator Games for Flying Enthusiasts
    11. Reach New Heights with Aviator Games: The Sky Awaits
    12. Aviator Games: A Test of Skill and Courage in the Sky
    13. Take to the Skies with Aviator Games: A Thrilling Adventure Awaits
    14. Aviator Games: Where Every Landing is a Victory
    15. Ready for Takeoff: Aviator Games for the Brave and Bold
    16. Conquer the Clouds with Aviator Games: A Challenge Like No Other
    17. Aviator Games: Prepare for a High-Flying Experience
    18. Fly Like a Pro with Aviator Games: The Sky’s the Limit
    19. Aviator Games: The Ultimate Test for Aspiring Pilots
    20. Soar to New Heights with Aviator Games: Are You Ready for the Challenge?

    aviator casino online plataforma aviator .

  28. Смена входной двери оказалась необходимой после переезда. Остановил свой выбор на https://dvershik.ru из-за удобства каталога и адекватных цен. Заказывал дверь с монтажом – работники прибыли оперативно, установка выполнена безупречно. Качество работы и сервис оставили меня полностью довольным.

  29. 78. Клининг Челябинск специализируется на уборке квартир с домашними питомцами, включая удаление шерсти, уборку лежаков, мойку полов, дезинфекцию мест обитания животных и другие работы для поддержания чистоты и гигиены в жилище.
    Клининг Челябинск .

  30. В прошлом месяце мне понадобилось обновить входную дверь в квартире. Обратился на сайт https://dvershik.ru, выбрал модель и заказал установку. Мастера приехали точно в срок, компетентно и оперативно смонтировали новую дверь. Очень доволен сервисом и результатом – теперь чувствую себя намного безопаснее!

  31. Лендинг-пейдж — это одностраничный сайт, предназначенный для рекламы и продажи товаров или услуг, а также для сбора контактных данных потенциальных клиентов. Вот несколько причин, почему лендинг-пейдж важен для бизнеса:
    Увеличение узнаваемости компании. Лендинг-пейдж позволяет представить компанию и её продукты или услуги в выгодном свете, что способствует росту узнаваемости бренда.
    Повышение продаж. Заказать лендинг можно здесь – 1landingpage.ru Одностраничные сайты позволяют сосредоточиться на конкретных предложениях и акциях, что повышает вероятность совершения покупки.
    Оптимизация SEO-показателей. Лендинг-пейдж создаются с учётом ключевых слов и фраз, что улучшает позиции сайта в результатах поиска и привлекает больше целевых посетителей.
    Привлечение новой аудитории. Одностраничные сайты могут использоваться для продвижения новых продуктов или услуг, а также для привлечения внимания к определённым кампаниям или акциям.
    Расширение клиентской базы. Лендинг-пейдж собирают контактные данные потенциальных клиентов, что позволяет компании поддерживать связь с ними и предлагать дополнительные услуги или товары.
    Простота генерации лидов. Лендинг-пейдж предоставляют краткую и понятную информацию о продуктах или услугах, что облегчает процесс принятия решения для потенциальных клиентов.
    Сбор персональных данных. Лендинг-пейдж позволяют собирать информацию о потенциальных клиентах, такую как email-адрес, имя и контактные данные, что помогает компании лучше понимать свою аудиторию и предоставлять более персонализированные услуги.
    Улучшение поискового трафика. Лендинг-пейдж создаются с учётом определённых поисковых запросов, что позволяет привлекать больше целевых посетителей на сайт.
    Эффективное продвижение новой продукции. Лендинг-пейдж можно использовать для продвижения новых товаров или услуг, что позволяет привлечь внимание потенциальных клиентов и стимулировать их к покупке.
    Лёгкий процесс принятия решений. Лендинг-пейдж содержат только самую необходимую информацию, что упрощает процесс принятия решения для потенциальных клиентов.
    В целом, лендинг-пейдж являются мощным инструментом для продвижения бизнеса, увеличения продаж и привлечения новых клиентов.
    Заказать лендинг

  32. В прошлом месяце я решил сменить входную дверь в квартире. Зашел на сайт https://dvershik.ru, нашел подходящую модель и оформил заказ на монтаж. Мастера приехали точно в срок, быстро и качественно установили новую дверь. Очень доволен сервисом и результатом – теперь чувствую себя намного безопаснее!

  33. Заказать купленный диплом, онлайн.
    Как купить диплом без риска, подробности здесь.
    Купить диплом с гарантией качества, проверенные варианты.
    Преимущества покупки диплома, все секреты.
    Где купить диплом без проблем, без риска.
    Лучшие предложения по покупке диплома, интересные варианты.
    Купить диплом срочно и недорого, спешите.
    Скрытая покупка дипломов, наши преимущества.
    Как быстро купить диплом, только актуальная информация.
    Как купить диплом онлайн, подробности у нас.
    Почему стоит купить диплом у нас, срочные варианты.
    Как купить диплом срочно, подробности на сайте.
    Купить диплом без обмана, подробности у нас.
    Как выбрать и купить диплом, лучшие предложения.
    Купить диплом без риска, гарантированная доставка.
    Какой диплом выбрать для покупки, подробности на сайте.
    Заказать диплом онлайн без проблем, лучшие условия.
    Как купить диплом безопасно и быстро, безопасность на первом месте.
    купить диплом http://www.7arusak-diploms.com/ .

  34. Купить диплом с доставкой до дома, через интернет.
    Доступные цены на дипломы для продажи, подробности здесь.
    Купить диплом с гарантией качества, важная информация.
    Опыт успешной покупки диплома, все секреты.
    Как купить диплом безопасно, без риска.
    Купить диплом по выгодной цене, важные моменты.
    Купить диплом срочно и недорого, лучшие условия.
    Скрытая покупка дипломов, важная информация.
    Лучшие дипломы для покупки, подробности на сайте.
    Как купить диплом онлайн, гарантированный результат.
    Как выбрать диплом, лучшие цены.
    Легальная покупка дипломов, без рисков.
    Почему стоит заказать диплом, подробности у нас.
    Как выбрать и купить диплом, важные моменты.
    Легальная покупка дипломов безопасно, безопасность на первом месте.
    Какой диплом выбрать для покупки, подробности на сайте.
    Заказать диплом онлайн без проблем, подробности здесь.
    Как купить диплом безопасно и быстро, безопасность на первом месте.
    купить диплом http://www.7arusak-diploms.com .

  35. Секреты оформления пропуска на МКАД, Эффективные способы получения пропуска на МКАД, секреты, которую стоит учесть, Основные вопросы о пропуске на МКАД, на которые нужно знать ответы, Как получить пропуск для поездок по МКАД, Пропуск на МКАД: основные преимущества, Сроки и порядок продления пропуска на МКАД, полный гайд
    Проверить пропуск на мкад Проверить пропуск на мкад .

  36. Высокий профессионализм и чуткость сотрудников – визитная карточка https://complex-ritual.ru/. В нелегкое время они окружили нашу семью заботой и вниманием. Грамотно организовали все необходимые процедуры, помогли с оформлением документации. Хороший выбор ритуальных товаров по умеренной стоимости. Советую обратиться в эту компанию – здесь вы получите качественный сервис и поддержку.

  37. Рекомендую опытную ритуальную службу в Казани https://complex-ritual.ru/. Они оказывают полный комплекс услуг по организации похорон с искренним сочувствием и вниманием к каждому клиенту. Персонал корректен, а стоимость услуг умеренная. Компания работает круглосуточно, что очень важно в такие трудные моменты. Хочу выразить благодарность им за чуткий профессионализм в трудный для моей семьи период. Искренне советую эту службу жителям Казани.

  38. В тяжелый для нашей семьи период, сотрудники https://complex-ritual.ru/ с большим сочувствием помогли нам организовать достойные похороны. Они взяли на себя все хлопоты: ритуальные процедуры, транспортировку, оформление документации. Работа выполнена безупречно: корректный и пунктуальный персонал, скрупулезное внимание к деталям. Цены более чем приемлемые для такого высокого уровня сервиса. Рекомендуем эту компанию – в трудный час они окружат вниманием и заботой.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Latest article